Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis are diseases associated with the kidney, and as a group are one of the top ten leading causes of death in the United States. Kidney disease is most often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, which slowly damage the blood vessels in the kidneys and decrease their ability to remove waste from the blood. According to the American Kidney Fund, it is estimated that 40% of people with diabetes will develop chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is more common among women, but men with CKD are 50% more likely to progress to kidney failure. The risk for kidney failure is also higher for some race/ethnic groups, especially African Americans and Native Americans. Medicare expenditures for kidney failure account for about 6.7% of Medicare spending each year. For each kidney disease patient who does not progress to dialysis, Medicare savings are estimated at $250,000.
This indicator shows the total age-adjusted death rate per 100,000 population due to nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis (kidney disease).