Cervical cancer forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ that connects the uterus and vagina) and is slow-growing. According to American Cancer Society, 1 out of 147 women in the United States will be diagnosed in her lifetime. Early cervical cancer can be cured by removing or destroying the pre-cancerous or cancerous tissue. Thus, early detection is very important and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention highly recommends screenings with regular Pap tests. Cervical cancer is almost always caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is transmitted through sexual contact. The FDA has approved vaccines against HPV, which prevent infection by HPV and thus prevent cervical cancer. These vaccines prevent infection by HPV 16 and 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers, but do not prevent all HPVs. So routine Pap tests are still necessary.
*This indicator shows the age-adjusted incidence rate for cervical cancer in cases per 100,000 females.